Silver Stocks’ Signal

April 20, 2015

Briefly: In our opinion, a speculative short position (half) in gold, silver and mining stocks is justified from the risk/reward point of view.

The situation in the precious metals market is quite specific at this time. We have the gold price moving higher on low volume and moving lower on increased volume (which is bearish), but during the last few weeks miners have outperformed gold, which seems to indicate strength. One of the signals that help to decide what the outlook really is comes from silver stocks.

Before we move to silver miners, let's take a look at gold and silver (charts courtesy of

As mentioned above, the price of gold moved back and forth and the corresponding action in volume was bearish. Volume very often confirms the direction in which the market is going and it allows to differentiate between true rallies (that are likely to be followed by even bigger rallies) and corrections (that are likely to be followed by declines). In this case, we saw the latter type of action.    

Gold is after a confirmed breakdown below the rising support line and after reaching the 50% retracement based on the February – March decline, so it’s been likely to decline and the price-volume action makes this even more likely.  

Silver's bearish outlook also remains unchanged as the price didn’t do much on Friday. The Price of Silver tried to move above the previously broken black support/resistance line, but was only able to move to it on an intra-day basis and decline shortly thereafter.

Yesterday’s price action in mining stocks (the GDX ETF includes both gold stocks and silver stocks) might seem surprising to those who believed that miners would soar right after the breakout as miners refused to rally even despite the gold’s rally on Friday. That’s a bearish sign.

Have we just seen another top? Based on the Nov. 2014 highs being reached – yes. However, we wouldn’t rule out a move to the $21 level as such a move would make the head-and-shoulders pattern more symmetrical. Please note that we don’t have to see this type of move for the pattern to have bearish implications – the pattern doesn’t have to be perfectly symmetrical and a top (right shoulder of the pattern) at exactly the previous top (left shoulder of the pattern) would very much make it meaningful anyway.

Our previous comments about the head-and-shoulders pattern’s implications for mining stocks remain up-to-date:

The red resistance lines that you can see on the chart are based on the possible head-and-shoulders pattern. If we see a move to the Nov. high or even to the $21 level but without a visible breakout above them and then see a decline, the implications will be very bearish. If we don’t see such upswings and miners decline before these levels are reached (which seems likely), then the implications will be very bearish anyway, because the head-and-shoulders pattern will continue to be formed. If it is completed, the decline following the breakdown below $17 could take the GDX ETF below $13.

What about the silver stocks?

Silver stocks formed bearish head-and-shoulders patterns a few times previously. In each case, these patterns resulted in much lower values of silver stocks and the rest of the precious metals sector. What’s particularly interesting about these patterns is that the right shoulder was quite often (2 out of 3 cases) smaller than the left one. Consequently, a move higher here is not required for the right shoulder of the current head-and-shoulders to form. In fact, it’s top could be already behind us.

In general, the thing that silver stocks tell us is that we can really see a move lower right away, without another small upswing (hence, exiting the small short positions at this time seems premature).

Furthermore, let’s not forget that the silver to gold ratio has recently moved sharply higher, causing the RSI indicator based on it to become overbought. In EACH case that we saw this development a major decline followed (at times we had to wait for it a few weeks, but it ultimately happened without a bigger rally before it). We have not seen a major decline so far, so the bearish implications remain in place.

The gold to oil ratio closed the week well below its 2011 high, and – because of the size of the move and the weekly close – we consider the breakdown to be confirmed. The implications are bearish and our previous comments remain up-to-date:

We think that there’s nobody in the precious metals market that needs to be convinced that the 2011 top was a major event. However, it was not only major in gold itself, but also in the case of its ratios, including the gold to oil ratio.

This ratio peaked in 2011 as well and it was not until this year that it was broken. The initial move lower in the ratio earlier this year and a rebound from the 2011 high proved that this is indeed a major support/resistance level. This important level was just broken yesterday in a very profound way.

The gold to oil ratio moves in tune with gold, so such a major breakdown in this ratio has bearish implications for gold as well.

The USD Index declined on Friday, but only initially – it came back up in the following part of the session. Will the USD decline based on the breakdown below the rising trend channel? It’s possible, but it’s not very likely. Please note that this line was invalidated a few times in the past and in each previous case the USD rallied back above it.

Moreover, the 50-day moving average provides support (just like it was the case in mid-March and early April) and so does the red dashed support line based on the December and March lows. Consequently, the outlook did not deteriorate significantly – we can still see much higher USD values in the coming days and weeks.

Summing up, even though it seems that the situation in the precious metals market is improving based on last week’s strength in mining stocks, we think that this is not the case – in fact, the opposite might be taking place. The strength in miners was no longer present on Friday and practically no other market or ratio (i.a. gold, silver, silver to gold ratio, gold to oil ratio, silver stocks, USD Index) is confirming it. While we could see some more strength in miners, it’s not likely to be significant and – more importantly – we don’t have to see more strength for the bearish head-and-shoulders pattern to be completed. The right shoulder has already been formed (it’s after the right shoulder’s highest point) in the case of gold and silver and it seems that it’s about to be formed in the case of mining stocks. The implications are very bearish and it seems that exiting small short positions in the precious metals sector at this time would be premature. If we see an invalidation thereof, we’ll close the positions, but it seems more likely that we will see a bearish confirmation, which will likely result in increasing the size of the short position.

To summarize:

Trading capital (our opinion): Short (half position) position in gold, silver and mining stocks is justified from the risk/reward perspective with the following stop-loss orders and initial (!) target prices:

Gold Price: Initial target price: $1,115; stop-loss: $1,253, initial target price for the DGLD ETN: $87.00; stop loss for the DGLD ETN $63.78

Silver Price: Initial target price: $15.10; stop-loss: $17.63, initial target price for the DSLV ETN: $67.81; stop loss for DSLV ETN $44.97

Mining stocks (price levels for the GDX ETN): initial target price: $16.63; stop-loss: $21.83, initial target price for the DUST ETN: $23.59; stop loss for the DUST ETN $12.23

In case one wants to bet on lower junior mining stocks' prices, here are the stop-loss details and initial target prices:

GDXJ: initial target price: $21.17; stop-loss: $27.31

JDST: initial target price: $14.35; stop-loss: $6.18

Long-term capital (our opinion): No positions

Insurance capital (our opinion): Full position

You will find details on our thoughts on gold portfolio structuring in the Key Insights section on our website.

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All essays, research and information found above represent analyses and opinions of Przemyslaw Radomski, CFA and Sunshine Profits' associates only. As such, it may prove wrong and be a subject to change without notice. Opinions and analyses were based on data available to authors of respective essays at the time of writing. Although the information provided above is based on careful research and sources that are believed to be accurate, Przemyslaw Radomski, CFA and his associates do not guarantee the accuracy or thoroughness of the data or information reported. The opinions published above are neither an offer nor a recommendation to purchase or sell any securities. Mr. Radomski is not a Registered Securities Advisor. By reading Przemyslaw Radomski's, CFA reports you fully agree that he will not be held responsible or liable for any decisions you make regarding any information provided in these reports. Investing, trading and speculation in any financial markets may involve high risk of loss. Przemyslaw Radomski, CFA, Sunshine Profits' employees and affiliates as well as members of their families may have a short or long position in any securities, including those mentioned in any of the reports or essays, and may make additional purchases and/or sales of those securities without notice.

Przemyslaw Radomski, CFA, is the founder, owner and the main editor of

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